This paper presented the experimental results about investigation of the influence of the cutting conditions on the surface roughness when hole turning the SCM400 steel. Three cutting paramesters that have mentioned in this study included cutting speed, axial feed rate, and cutting depth. The experimental design was chosen following the orthogonal matrix and added the center experiment points. The analyzed results show that the axial feed rate has the greatest degree of impact on the surface roughness. And, the second and third factors have negligible effect on the surface roughness that are cutting speed and cutting depth, respectively. These results will guide the determination of the cutting conditions in order to machining the part surface with roughness that was ensured the setting requirement. Finally, the directions for further research were also mentioned in this paper.
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