Assessing the Sustainable Development of Vietnam's Tourism Industry


  •   Nguyen Hoang Phuong


Sustainable development is one of the world's millennium goals and is also a prime target for Vietnam's development. In our country, the concept of sustainable development has been approached since the 1980s, confirmed in the socio-economic development process of the country from 1991 to 2000, by Directive 36 of the Politburo on strengthening environmental protection during the period of national industrialization and modernization. At the same time, it is also affirmed through the guidelines through the National Party Congress thirteenth, XI, and XII, to become important orientations for industries, including the tourism industry. The article presents the principles of sustainable development and sustainable tourism, which is an important basis for the next steps of Vietnam Tourism. At the same time, the authors make assessments about the current level of development of Vietnam's tourism industry in order to achieve sustainable development of the tourism industry.

Keywords: Sustainable Development, Tourism Industry, Environmental Perspective, Policy


Fáilte Ireland, “Tourism Facts 2015,” 2016.

UNWTO, “Sustained growth in international tourism despite challenges,” World Tour. Baom., 2017.

M. L. Tseng, K. J. Wu, C. H. Lee, M. K. Lim, T. D. Bui, and C. C. Chen, “Assessing sustainable tourism in Vietnam: A hierarchical structure approach,” J. Clean. Prod., 2018.

T. Mai and C. Smith, “Scenario-based planning for tourism development using system dynamic modelling: A case study of Cat Ba Island, Vietnam,” Tour. Manag., 2018.

N. H. Phuong, “Solution to develop tourism products in the Mekong Delta,” J. Polit. Sci., pp. 75–79, 2018.

N. H. Phuong, “Investing in developing tourism facilities in the Mekong Delta in the trend of connecting the country and international tourism,” Hum. Resour. Dev. Mag., pp. 59–62, 2014.

L. Tran and P. Walter, “Ecotourism, gender and development in northern Vietnam,” Ann. Tour. Res., 2014.

N. H. Phuong, “Finding a breakthrough for western tourism,” Vietnam Tour. Mag., pp. 27–29, 2014.

V. D. Truong, “Tourism policy development in Vietnam: A pro-poor perspective,” J. Policy Res. Tour. Leis. Events, 2013.

T. H. Lee and F. H. Jan, “Can community-based tourism contribute to sustainable development? Evidence from residents’ perceptions of the sustainability,” Tour. Manag., 2019.

N. H. Phuong, “Situation and solution of tourism human resources in the Mekong Delta,” Econ. - Tech. Mag., pp. 63–69, 2018.

“World conservation strategy,” Environmental Policy and Law. 1980.

A. M. Benur and B. Bramwell, “Tourism product development and product diversification in destinations,” Tour. Manag., 2015.

N. K. Gabdrakhmanov, V. A. Rubtzov, E. E. Baybakov, H. S. Somaeh, and F. Shamil’evich Nugaev, “Tourism and sustainable development,” Acad. Strateg. Manag. J., 2016.

C. Aall, “Sustainable tourism in practice: Promoting or perverting the quest for a sustainable development?,” Sustain., 2014.

A. Farmaki, L. Altinay, D. Botterill, and S. Hilke, “Politics and sustainable tourism: The case of cyprus,” Tour. Manag., 2015.

U. KATTIYAPORNPONG, M. Ditta-Apichai, C. Kanjanasilanon, and K. Siriyota, “Sustainable Tourism Development,” Asia Proc. Soc. Sci., 2018.

R. Buckley, “Sustainable tourism: Research and reality,” Annals of Tourism Research. 2012.

M. Dibra, “Rogers Theory on Diffusion of Innovation-The Most Appropriate Theoretical Model in the Study of Factors Influencing the Integration of Sustainability in Tourism Businesses,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., 2015.

A. Torres-Delgado and J. Saarinen, “Using indicators to assess sustainable tourism development: a review,” Tour. Geogr., 2014.


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Phuong, N. 2019. Assessing the Sustainable Development of Vietnam’s Tourism Industry. European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research. 4, 8 (Aug. 2019), 27-31. DOI: