The Characteristics of Carbonyl Compounds Emissions from Small Marine Diesel Engines Using Biodiesel Based Palm Oil

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  •   Van Quy Nguyen

  •   Huu Cuong Le

Abstract

The study was conducted to measure and evaluate particulate emissions and carbonyl compounds from KAMA - KDE3500T generator at medium load mode (1.5 kW load). Using commercial diesel fuel 0.05 S and biodiesel palm oil with different mixing ratios are: 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 50%, 75% and 100% for B0, B10, B20, B30, B50, B75 and B100. Experimental results showed that: dust emission concentration decreased from B0 to B20 and increased from B30 to B100 namely 348.65 mg / m3, 297.27 mg / m3, 168.59 mg / m3, 169.74 mg / m3, 259.98 mg / m3, 330.30 mg / m3, 522.98 mg / m3 respectively for B0, B10, B20, B30, B50, B75, B100.  Carbonyl emission concentrations increased from B0 to B30 and abruptly decreased at B50 and gradually increased at B75 and B100 specific figures as follows: 67.99 mg / m3, 87.35 mg / m3, 99.10 mg / m3, 100.96 mg / m3, 65.79 mg / m3, 102.32 mg / m3, 102.38 mg / m3 respectively for B0, B10, B20, B30, B50, B75 and B100. High concentrations of carbonyl compounds are formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and acetone.


Keywords: Carbonyl Compounds, Biodiesel, Palm Oil, Diesel Engines, Emissions

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How to Cite
[1]
Nguyen, V. and Le, H. 2019. The Characteristics of Carbonyl Compounds Emissions from Small Marine Diesel Engines Using Biodiesel Based Palm Oil. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science. 4, 8 (Aug. 2019), 75-79. DOI:https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2019.4.8.1469.