Necessity of General-Purpose Operating Systems for Wearable Computing Environments


  •   HyunChul Joh

  •   JooYoung Lee


The wearable technology is carefully expected as a next generation business platform which can lead to changes from the smartphone-based hardware and software market. In this paper, we consider whether wearable computing environment with unlimited potential would require an operating system or not by comparing with other computing environment such as a general-purpose computer. In addition, a brief history of wearable technology and the necessity of studying about operating systems for highly merged wearable devices with software systems will be discussed. We also review the features of existing operating systems in different computing environments and discuss the elements that a wearable operating system should have.

Keywords: operating systems, smart uniform, wearable computing


B. M. Leiner, V. G. Cerf, D. D. Clark, R. E. Kahn, L. Kleinrock, D. C. Lynch, J. Postel, L. G. Roberts, and S. Wolff. “A brief history of the internet,” SIGCOMM Comput. Commun., vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 22-31, Oct. 2009. DOI=

K. Schwab (Founder and Executive Chairman), “The Fourth Industrial Revolution: what it means, how to respond,” World Economic Forum, 14 Jan 2016.

E. Park and S. Lee, “Multidimensionality: redefining the digital divide in the smartphone era,” info, vol. 17, no. 2, pp.80-96, 2015.

IDC, “Worldwide Smartphone Volumes Will Remain Down in 2018 Before Returning to Growth in 2019 and Beyond, According to IDC,” Framinghan, Mass., 30 May 2018.

The Chosunilbo, “Every Korean Has a Smartphone,” 27 Aug 2018.

CNN, “Samsung’s folding screen tech has been stolen and sold to China,” 30 Nov 2018.

IDC, “Smartphone Vendor Market Share,” 2018., “We are due a recession in 2020 – and we will lack the tools to fight it,” 13 SEP 2018.

J. Ranck, “The Wearable computing market: a global analysis, Gigaom Pro,” Tech. report, July 2012.

M. Billinghurst and T. Starner, “Wearable devices: new ways to manage information,” Computer, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 57-64, Jan. 1999. doi: 10.1109/2.738305

A. Silberschatz, P. B. Galvin, and G. Gagne, Operating System Concepts, 6th ed. / Windows XP Update, Wiley, 2001

D. Kim, J. Kwon, S. Han, Y. Park and S. Jo, “Deep Full-Body Motion Network (DFM-Net) for a Soft Wearable Motion Sensing Suit,” IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, vol. 24, no. 1, pp.56-66, Feb. 2019. doi: 10.1109/TMECH.2018.2874647

X. Luo, H. Yu, and Y. Cui, “A Wearable Amperometric Biosensor on a Cotton Fabric for Lactate,” IEEE Electron Device Letters, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 123-126, Jan. 2018. doi: 10.1109/LED.2017.2777474

M. Krishnan and G. Kannan, “Polygon Shaped 3G Mobile Band Antennas for High Tech Military Uniforms,” Advanced Electromagnetics, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 7-13. 2016.

D. J. Haniff and C. Baber, “Wearable computers for the fire service and police force: technological and human factors,” Digest of Papers, Third International Symposium on Wearable Computers, San Francisco, CA, USA, pp. 185-186, 1999. doi: 10.1109/ISWC.1999.806922

A. Godfrey, V. Hetherington, H. P. H. Shum, P. Bonato, N. Lovell, and S. Stuart, “From A to Z: Wearable Technology Explained,” Maturitas, vol. 113, pp. 40-47, Elsevier, 2018.

R. Wright and L. Keith, “Wearable Technology: If the Tech Fits, Wear It,” Journal of Electronic Resources in Medical Libraries, vol. 11. pp. 204-216, 2014, doi: 10.1080/15424065.2014.969051.

S. Wang, R. Bie, F. Zhao, N. Zhang, X. Cheng, and H. Choi, “Security in wearable communications,” IEEE Network, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 61-67, 2016. doi: 10.1109/MNET.2016.7579028

T. E. Starner, “Wearable computing and contextual awareness,” Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1999.

I. Choi and M. C. Hoffman, “Exporting South Korea's e‐Government Experience,” Public Admin Rev, 77: 794-796, 2017 doi:10.1111/puar.12822

E. Strickland, “Cisco bets on South Korean smart city,” IEEE Spectrum, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 11-12, Aug. 2011. doi: 10.1109/MSPEC.2011.5960147

R. Schneiderman, “Car Makers See Opportunities in Infotainment, Driver-Assistance Systems [Special Reports],” IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 11-15, Jan. 2013.

H. Joh, “Quantitative Risk Assessment in Major Smart Phone Operating Systems in Asian Countries,” Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 1494-1502, Dec. 2014.

O. H. Alhazmi and Y. K. Malaiya, “Application of Vulnerability Discovery Models to Major Operating Systems,” IEEE Trans. Reliability, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 14-22, Mar.2008.

P.E. Black, L. Badger, B. Guttman, and E. Fong, “Dramatically Reducing Software Vulnerabilities,” Report to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, Information Technology Laboratory, Nov. 2016.

B. J. Kim, “Study on GUI Design of Wearable Device driven by UX - focused on Smart Watch Device –,” Korea Science & Art Forum, vol. 21, Sep. 2015

H. Sun, Z. Zhang, R. Q. Hu, and Y. Qian, “Wearable Communications in 5G: Challenges and Enabling Technologies,” IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 100-109, Sep. 2018.


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Joh, H. and Lee, J. 2019. Necessity of General-Purpose Operating Systems for Wearable Computing Environments. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science. 4, 9 (Sep. 2019), 29-36. DOI: