Inefficiencies of expanding systems are traditionally taught in terms of entropy, and the second law. Herein, it will be shown that such traditional explanations are an over-complication of reality. This will be accomplished by providing a simpler understanding as to why such inefficiencies exist in a piston-cylinder apparatus. This introduces many to a new perspective which is founded on lost work, and the inherent inefficiencies when converting a gas’s kinetic energy into actual work.
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