Extraction from Oily Sludge of Paraffinic Hydrocarbons with Gasoline as Solvent

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   P. Ze Bilo’o

  •   M. B. Ngassoum

Abstract

From hazardous wastes produced in Petroleum Refineries, the most generated in large quantities is oily sludge. The use of gasoline for the extraction and characterization of paraffinic hydrocarbons from oily sludge was realized. The experimental design was applied to realize the extraction while the gas chromatographic method helped in the characterization of the paraffinic hydrocarbons. The results of extraction and characterization showed that the Ratio Solvent/Sludge has positive effect while Temperature and Contact time have negative effects on the effectiveness of the extraction process. 14825 ppm is the highest concentration obtained through experimental conditions of Contact time = 30 min, Temperature = 40°C, and Ratio = 6:1. 2,6,10,14-Tetramethylpentadecane (Pristane) is the compound having the highest concentration (2373 ppm) followed by 2-Methylhexadecane with a concentration of 848 ppm.


Keywords: Paraffinic Hydrocarbons, Experimental design, Hazardous waste, Oily sludge, Paraffins

References

Olufemi AJ, Augustine CA. Petroleum sludge treatment and disposal: A review. Environ. Eng. Res. 2019;24:191-201.

Lucena E, Verdun P, Aurelle Y, Secq A. Nouveau procédé de valorisation des « slops » de raffineries et déchets huileux par distillation hétéroazéotropique. Oil & Gas Science and Technology Rev. IFP 2003;58:353-360.

Lingsheng Z, Jiang X., Liu J. Characteristics of Oily Sludge Combustion in Circulating Fluidized Beds. J. Hazard. Mater. 2009;170:175-179.

Baochen C, Fuyi C, Jing G, Xu S, Huo W. and Liu S. Oxidation of Oily Sludge in Supercritical Water. J. Hazard. Mater. 2009;165:511-517.

Chun-Teh L, Wen-Jhy L, Hsiao-Hsuan M, Chun-Ching S. PAH Emission from the Incineration of Waste Oily Sludge and PE Plastic Mixtures. The Science of the Total Environment, 1995;170:171-183.

Al-Futaisi A, Jamrah A, Yaghi B, Taha R. Assessment of Alternative Management Techniques of Tank Bottom Petroleum Sludge in Oman. J. Hazard. Mater. 2007;141:557-564.

Ayotamuno MJ, Okparanma RN, Nweneka EK, Ogaji SOT, Probert SD. Bio-remediation of Sludge Containing Hydrocarbons, Appl. Energ. 2007;84:936-943.

Ze Bilo’o P, Ngassoum MB. Characterization of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in oily sludge from Cameroon petroleum refinery. Inter. J. Environ. Sci. 2012;3:509-517.

Ze Bilo’o P, Ngassoum MB, Jessie Ekoka CS. Characterization of oily sludge from Cameroon petroleum refinery, Inter. J. Emerg. Eng. Res. and Technol. 2016;4:34-38.

Zhang J, Li JB, Thring RW, Hu X, Song XY. Oil recovery from refinery oily sludge via ultrasound and freeze/thaw. J. Hazard. Mater. 2012;203-204:195-203.

Ndjeumi CC, Ze Bilo’o P, Mouthe GAA, Ngassoum MB. Aliphatic Hydrocarbons Extraction from Oily Sludge using Kerosene. European J. Eng. Res. Sci. 2020;5:1137-1141.

Zubaidy EAH, Abouelnasr DM. Fuel recovery from waste oily sludge using solvent extraction, Process. Saf. Environ. Protect. 2010;88:318–326.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
[1]
Ze Bilo’o, P. and Ngassoum, M.B. 2021. Extraction from Oily Sludge of Paraffinic Hydrocarbons with Gasoline as Solvent. European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research. 6, 2 (Feb. 2021), 128-131. DOI:https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2021.6.2.2355.